June 22, 2022
How to Apply for the 8(a) Business Development Program
The program is open to small businesses at least 51 percent owned by socially and economically disadvantaged individuals, including:
- Members of the LGBT community
- People with disabilities
5 Steps to Applying for the 8(a) Business Development Program
1. Check If You Are EligibleThe Small Business Administration (SBA) has created a checklist of eligibility requirements to be considered for the program. You can also determine if you qualify for the program on the SBA's Certify website. In addition to meeting the ownership and financial criteria, you must demonstrate how you're a socially disadvantaged individual. In other words, you'll need to show how your personal experiences have affected your ability to succeed in business. Certain businesses won't qualify, including franchises, non-profit organizations, brokers and packagers, and businesses owned by other disadvantaged firms. Also, it's important to note that if you've participated in the program previously, you won't qualify. In addition, you won't be eligible for the program if you don't have good character (as defined by the SBA).
2. Meet the Two-Year RuleThe SBA uses the time you've been in business to gauge potential success. The SBA requires businesses to be open for two or more years to participate in the program. They have his requirement because many companies fail in the first two years of operation. The easiest way to prove that you meet this requirement is to submit your two most recent federal tax returns. You'll need to submit a waiver request if you only have one year of business tax returns.
3. Gather More InformationNext, the SBA will require you to take an online training and self-evaluation course. This helps them determine if you're ready to apply for the 8(a) Program. You can also contact your local SBA office to verify that you're prepared to submit the documentation and forms.
4. Apply to Get CertifiedYour application to be certified as an 8(a)-business can be submitted online to the SBA. Additionally, you may be required to mail signed hard copies. Although you can submit a printed application, the SBA recommends submitting an electronic application to expedite the process. Initially, the SBA will review your application for completeness, and you have 15 days to provide additional information if requested. Once the application is complete, the SBA typically makes its final decision regarding 8(a) Program eligibility within 90 days.
5. Create a Business PlanOnce you're certified, you'll need to submit a business plan. This plan must be approved by an SBA Business Opportunity Specialist (BOS) before you're eligible for program benefits. It should include the following:
- An analysis of market potential
- Evaluation of your strengths and weaknesses as a program participant
- Specific goals for business development
- A transition management plan
- Estimates of future contract awards